Mr Freeze at Over Texas

Inside top hat on Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast

Top hat

Outside top hat on Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster

A top hat (sometimes called a top cap) is an element common in launched roller coasters. It consists of an ascent at a 90 degree angle, with a 90 degree lateral twist. It then levels out, and descents in the same way. The train exits the element in the same direction as it entered. Both Kingda Ka and Top Thrill Dragster feature a giant top hat.

The inside top hat (also known as a top hat inversion) is a different type of top hat, that features an inversion. When the train approaches the top of the "hat", it makes a 90 degree lateral twist so that it is on the inside of the element (hence the name), and once it reaches top hat's apex the train is upside down under the track.


Below is a list of all the roller coasters with a 'top hat' element. All of them are steel sit-down roller coasters.

Outside top hatEdit

Name Park Manufacturer Opened Status
iSpeed Mirabilandia Intamin AG 2009 Operating
Kanonen Liseberg Intamin AG 2005 Operating
Kingda Ka Six Flags Great Adventure Intamin AG 2005 Operating
Rage[1] Adventure Island Gerstlauer 2007 Operating
Skycar Mysterious Island Intamin AG 2005 Operating
Sky Rocket Kennywood Premier Rides 2010 Operating
Stealth Thorpe Park Intamin AG 2006 Operating
Storm Runner Hersheypark Intamin AG 2004 Operating
Superman Escape Warner Bros. Movie World Intamin AG 2005 Operating
Top Thrill Dragster Cedar Point Intamin AG 2003 Operating
Xcelerator Knott's Berry Farm Intamin AG 2002 Operating
Zaturn Space World Intamin AG 2006 Operating
unknown Vialand Intamin AG 2013 Under construction

Inside top hatEdit

Name Park Manufacturer Opened Status
Freischütz Bayern Park Maurer Söhne 2011 Operating
Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast Six Flags Over Texas Premier Rides 1998 Operating
Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast Six Flags St. Louis Premier Rides 1998 Operating
Takabisha Fuji-Q Highland Gerstlauer 2011 Operating
Yamaha Racing Coaster Trans Studio Indoor Theme Park Premier Rides 2011 Operating
unknown Romon World Maurer Söhne 2013 Under construction
Formerly Batman and Robin: The Chiller
Beto Carrero World

Six Flags Great Adventure

Premier Rides

Premier Rides



Under construction

Closed 2006


Thrill elements
Banana RollBatwingBent Cuban EightBowtieButterflyCobra LoopCobra RollCorkscrewCutbackDive DropDive LoopDiving TurnDouble DipFly to Lie / Lie to FlyFlying Snake DiveHelixImmelmanInclined Dive LoopInclined LoopIn-Line TwistInterlocking CorkscrewsInterlocking LoopsNon Inverted LoopNorwegian LoopPretzel KnotPretzel LoopRaven TurnReverse SidewinderRoll OutRoll Over / Sea SerpentSaxophoneSidewinderSkyLoopSplashdownTop hatTrick TrackToungeTriple DipTunnelTurntableTwisted Horseshoe RollZero-G Roll